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Multilingual Demographic Dictionary, second unified edition, English volume

Difference between revisions of "92"

Multilingual Demographic Dictionary, second unified edition, English vol.
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(Eugene Grebenik et al., first edition 1958)
 
(Etienne van de Walle et al., second 1982 edition *** existing text overwritten ***)
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=== 920 ===
 
=== 920 ===
  
The social aspects of population changes have in general received less attention than their economic or biological aspects. In many studies, however, the population is divided into a number of {{TextTerm|social status groups|1}} or into {{TextTerm|socio-economic groups|2}} according to occupation, income, education or similar indices of economic status. The term {{TextTerm|social class|3}} has a sociological connotation which is only approximated by the type of grouping generally used in demographic work. The division of society into a number of such groups is called {{TextTerm|social stratification|4}}. Movement between different social status groups is called {{TextTerm|social mobility|5}}. Different societies show different degrees of social mobility, and demographers have studied the relation between social mobility and certain demographic variables.
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In many studies, the population is divided into a number of social status {{TextTerm|groups|1}} or into {{TextTerm|socioeconomic groups|1}} according to occupation, income, education or similar indices of economic status. The term {{TextTerm|social class|2}} has a sociological connotation which is only approximated by the type of grouping generally used in demographic work. The division of society into a number of such groups is called {{TextTerm|social stratification|3}}. Movement between different social status groups is called {{TextTerm|social mobility|4}}; a distinction is made between {{TextTerm|upward mobility|5}} and {{TextTerm|downward mobility|6}} in the social hierarchy. The mobility of children with respect to their parents’ social class is called {{TextTerm|inter-generational social mobility|7}}.
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{{Note|3| A caste is a closed social group in which social status and position in the social hierarchy are ascribed. }}
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{{Note|7| Social mobility by an individual in his or her own lifetime is called {{NoteTerm|intra-generational social mobility}}.}}
  
 
=== 921 ===
 
=== 921 ===
  
The study of {{TextTerm|occupational mobility|1}} is concerned with persons who move from one occupational group to another by a {{TextTerm|change of occupation|2}}. {{TextTerm|Occupational guidance|3}} may also cause changes in the occupational structure of a population.
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{{TextTerm|Labor mobility|1}} is the general term that covers not only an individual’s {{TextTerm|changes of occupation|2}} under the name of {{TextTerm|occupational mobility|3}} but also {{TextTerm|job mobility|4}}, or changes of employer, and {{TextTerm|industrial mobility|5}}, or changes of industry.
  
 
=== 922 ===
 
=== 922 ===
  
Interest in the problems of aged persons (cf. {{RefNumber|32|4|8}}) has given rise to a special branch of studies called {{TextTerm|gerontology|1}}, including the special branch of medicine called {{TextTerm|geriatrics|2}}.
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Interest in the problems of ''aged persons'' ({{RefNumber|32|4|8}}) and ''aging'' ({{RefNumber|32|6|3}}) has given rise to a special branch of studies called {{TextTerm|gerontology|1}} including the special branch of medicine called {{TextTerm|geriatrics|2}}.
{{Note|1| {{NoteTerm|gerontology}} n. {{NoteTerm|gerontological}} adj. {{NoteTerm|gerontologist}} n., a specialist in gerontology. 2. {{NoteTerm|geriatrics}} n. — {{NoteTerm|geriatric}} adj. {{NoteTerm|geriatrician}} n., a specialist in geriatrics.}}
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{{Note|1| {{NoteTerm|Gerontology}}, n. - {{NoteTerm|gerontological}}, adj. - {{NoteTerm|gerontologist}}, n.: a specialist in gerontology.}}
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{{Note|2| {{NoteTerm|Geriatrics}}, n, - {{NoteTerm|geriatric}}, adj. - {{NoteTerm|geriatrician}}, n.: a specialist in geriatrics. }}
  
 
{{SummaryShort}}
 
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{{OtherLanguages|92}}
 
{{OtherLanguages|92}}

Revision as of 15:17, 13 November 2006


Disclaimer : The sponsors of Demopaedia do not necessarily agree with all the definitions contained in this version of the Dictionary.

The harmonization of all the second editions of the Multilingual Demographic Dictionary is an ongoing process. Please consult the discussion area of this page for further comments.


Go to: Introduction to Demopædia | Instructions on use | Downloads
Chapters: Preface | 1. General concepts | 2. The treatment and processing of population statistics | 3. Distribution and classification of the population | 4. Mortality and morbidity | 5. Nuptiality | 6. Fertility | 7. Population growth and replacement | 8. Spatial mobility | 9. Economic and social aspects of demography
Pages: 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 80 | 81 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93
Index: Global Index | Index of chapter 1 | Index of chapter 2 | Index of chapter 3 | Index of chapter 4 | Index of chapter 5 | Index of chapter 6 | Index of chapter 7 | Index of chapter 8 | Index of chapter 9


920

In many studies, the population is divided into a number of social status groups 1 or into socioeconomic groups 1 according to occupation, income, education or similar indices of economic status. The term social class 2 has a sociological connotation which is only approximated by the type of grouping generally used in demographic work. The division of society into a number of such groups is called social stratification 3. Movement between different social status groups is called social mobility 4; a distinction is made between upward mobility 5 and downward mobility 6 in the social hierarchy. The mobility of children with respect to their parents’ social class is called inter-generational social mobility 7.

  • 3. A caste is a closed social group in which social status and position in the social hierarchy are ascribed.
  • 7. Social mobility by an individual in his or her own lifetime is called intra-generational social mobility.

921

Labor mobility 1 is the general term that covers not only an individual’s changes of occupation 2 under the name of occupational mobility 3 but also job mobility 4, or changes of employer, and industrial mobility 5, or changes of industry.

922

Interest in the problems of aged persons (324-8) and aging (326-3) has given rise to a special branch of studies called gerontology 1 including the special branch of medicine called geriatrics 2.

  • 1. Gerontology, n. - gerontological, adj. - gerontologist, n.: a specialist in gerontology.
  • 2. Geriatrics, n, - geriatric, adj. - geriatrician, n.: a specialist in geriatrics.


Go to: Introduction to Demopædia | Instructions on use | Downloads
Chapters: Preface | 1. General concepts | 2. The treatment and processing of population statistics | 3. Distribution and classification of the population | 4. Mortality and morbidity | 5. Nuptiality | 6. Fertility | 7. Population growth and replacement | 8. Spatial mobility | 9. Economic and social aspects of demography
Pages: 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 80 | 81 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93
Index: Global Index | Index of chapter 1 | Index of chapter 2 | Index of chapter 3 | Index of chapter 4 | Index of chapter 5 | Index of chapter 6 | Index of chapter 7 | Index of chapter 8 | Index of chapter 9