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Multilingual Demographic Dictionary, second unified edition, English volume


Multilingual Demographic Dictionary, second unified edition, English vol.
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Expansionist  (EXPANSIONIST)

A population policy (105-2) is a series of measures taken by public authorities to influence the trend of population change, or principles offered as a basis for such measures. A distinction is made between populationist 1 policies designed to increase the population, to accelerate its rate of growth or to check actual or incipient population decline or depopulation 2, and restrictionist 3 or population control 3 policies for the purpose of checking population growth or reducing the rate of population increase. Among the former, pronatalist 4 policies, which attempt to increase the birth rate (332-1), are particularly important. In contrast to pronatalist policies, there are antinatalist 5 policies, which are designed to reduce the frequency of births. Population policy may also include a component of population redistribution 6 policy designed to influence the territorial distribution of population, as well as a component of migration policy 7★. Health policy 8★, which aims to reduce morbidity (420-1) and mortality (401-1), is an other component of population policy.

  • 3. Also called Malthusian policies. See 906-1.