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Multilingual Demographic Dictionary, second unified edition, English volume

Maternal mortality

Multilingual Demographic Dictionary, second unified edition, English vol.
(Redirected from Mortality, puerperal)
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Maternal mortality  (MATERNAL mortality)

Demographers devote particular attention to certain aspects of mortality: endogenous mortality 1 which results from the genetic constitution of the individual, congenital malformations 2, injuries connected with birth, or degenerative diseases associated with aging; exogenous mortality 3, in contrast, results from external causes such as infectious or parasitic diseases and accidental injuries other than those incurred by the child during birth. Also of special interest are diseases connected with pregnancy, labor and the puerperium 4. Mortality from these latter diseases is called maternal mortality 5, and a maternal death rate 6 may be computed as the ratio of maternal deaths in a year to the births of the same year. The proportion of deaths due to senility 7 has mostly drawn interest as an index of poor reporting of causes of death.

  • 1. Infant mortality (410-1) can thus be decomposed into endogenous infant mortality and exogenous infant mortality.
  • 3. See note 1.
  • 4. The puerperium is the lying-in period following a birth, and the mortality of mothers during the period is called puerperal mortality.
  • 6. Maternal death rate is an inappropriate, but commonly used, term for a simple ratio.
  • 7. Senility n. - senile, adj.