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Multilingual Demographic Dictionary, second unified edition, English volume

Permanent resident

Multilingual Demographic Dictionary, second unified edition, English vol.
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Permanent resident  (PERMANENT resident)

In census practice a distinction is made between the resident population 1 or de jure population 1 of a given area, which consists of the people who habitually live in that area, and the actual population 2, or de facto population 2, which is made up of the persons in the area on census day. In the resident population, temporary absentees 4 are included with those permanent residents 3 who are present in the area on census day; the actual population consists of residents together with visitors 5 or transients 5. The two methods of enumeration will give different results even for the country as a whole. The place where a person lives is called the place of residence 6. For administrative reasons, certain persons who live together in large communities (i.e. boarding schools, military persons in barracks, prisoners, etc. (cf. 110-5*) are often separately enumerated. These persons form the institutional population 7. Special rules are used to enumerate homeless 8 or persons of no fixed abode 8.

  • 6. The term domicile is a technical legal term for legal residence and denotes the place where a person is legally deemed to reside. This may differ from his actual residence. In the United States of America, the de jure population is the population of usual residence.
  • 7. In the United States of America the term institutional inmates is reserved for persons living under care or custody in correctional institutions, hospitals for mental disease and tuberculosis, homes for the aged, handicapped and dependent or neglected persons; other residents of group quarters include such persons as students in college dormitories, or soldiers in military barracks.