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Multilingual Demographic Dictionary, second unified edition, English volume

Risk of disability

Multilingual Demographic Dictionary, second unified edition, English vol.
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Risk of disability  (RISK of disability)

An impairment 1 refers to any physical, functional or psychological defect, which results from illness, injury or congenital malformation. When an impairment inhibits an individual’s ability to work or participate in normal activities it is referred to as incapacity 2 or disability 2. This may be total or partial; in either case, permanent disability 3 or infirmity 4 refer to an irreversible condition which gives rights to professional incapacity 7★ or work incapacity 8★ compensations. The probability that a healthy individual aged exactly x years will become disabled in the next year or over the course of some number of years starting with this exact age, is called the risk of disability 5 or the probability of disability 5. A series of these probabilities can be combined into a disability table 6, which is a specialized extension of the life table (cf. §432). More...