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Multilingual Demographic Dictionary, second unified edition, English volume


Multilingual Demographic Dictionary, second unified edition, English vol.
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Township  (TOWNSHIP)

Administrative units differ from country to country and over time in the same country, so that the same word may cover different situations. Minor civil divisions include townships 1 and parishes 1; major civil divisions receive names such as states 2 or provinces 2, and intermediary units are often called counties 5 and districts 6. In Canada, for example the main administrative divisions, by increasing order of size, are the township 8, the county 9 and the province 10. As another example, the main administrative division in France are now the regions 2 which correspond to the province and the departements  3★ which correspond to the cantons 4★ in Switzerland where districts 7★ and circles 11★ are minor civil divisions. In the United States, parishes are equivalent to counties which are the unit above townships and cities but below states.

  • 1. Villages, boroughs and cities are other names sometimes given to the smaller administrative units. Municipality is a general descriptive term for minor civil division.