The Demopaedia team will be present at the next International Population Conference in Busan.
If you attend the conference, please, come to our oral communication which will be held on Tuesday August 27, from 15:30 to 17:00 (Bexco, room 213). The new Korean dictionary will also be presented in a side meeting organized by the Planned Population Federation of Korea (PPFK) on "Population Issues & Official development assistance" (open to all) at 19:00 (Bexco, room 110).

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Disclaimer : The sponsors of Demopaedia do not necessarily agree with all the definitions contained in this version of the Dictionary.

The harmonization of all the second editions of the Multilingual Demographic Dictionary is an ongoing process. Please consult the discussion area of this page for further comments.


Go to: Introduction to Demopædia | Instructions on use | Downloads
Chapters: Preface | 1. General concepts | 2. The treatment and processing of population statistics | 3. Distribution and classification of the population | 4. Mortality and morbidity | 5. Nuptiality | 6. Fertility | 7. Population growth and replacement | 8. Spatial mobility | 9. Economic and social aspects of demography
Pages: 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 80 | 81 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93
Index: Global Index | Index of chapter 1 | Index of chapter 2 | Index of chapter 3 | Index of chapter 4 | Index of chapter 5 | Index of chapter 6 | Index of chapter 7 | Index of chapter 8 | Index of chapter 9


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Inhabitants of a nation or state may be subjects 1 citizens 1 or nationals 1 of that state, who enjoy certain political rights, or they may be aliens 2 or foreigners 2 who are citizens of another state, or citizens of no state at all and called stateless 3. The term “subject” used to have a servile connotation but has tended to lose it and is frequently taken as a synonym of citizen, though occasionally a distinction is made between a subject and a citizen. Citizens of a state generally possess the nationality 4 of that state. This term is nowadays used as a synonym for citizenship 4, but in some multi-national states 6 a distinction may be drawn between political nationality 4 and ethnic nationality 5.

331

Aliens may acquire the nationality of their country of residence by naturalization 1 and become naturalized citizens 2 of naturalized persons 2. In some countries certificates of naturalization 3 may be revoked 4 and naturalized persons will then suffer loss of nationality 5. Persons may occasionally have more than one nationality, and will then be said to possess dual nationality 6. A distinction is sometimes drawn between resident aliens 7, who habitually live in a country other than their own, and alien visitors 8 or visiting aliens 8, who are there only for relatively short periods.

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Individuals born in the territory in which they live are called natives 1 of that territory. If their ancestors were among the original inhabitants of that territory, they are called autochthonous 2, indigenous 2 or aboriginal 2 inhabitants; the last term is often reserved for primitive peoples. Statistics frequently distinguish between native- 3 and foreign-born 4 individuals.

  • 2. Aboriginal, adj. - aborigines, n., pl.

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The term race 1 is generally taken to mean a group of persons with certain common physical characteristics which are hereditarily transmitted. In some census practice, the term is sometimes used more loosely, sometimes for a group of people bound together by a common culture or national origin, or even for people inhabiting a given territory. Another term which is sometimes used is ethnic group 2 and here again there is no uniformity in meaning. Ethnic group generally refers to a group of people with common culture, language, or religious traditions. An ethnic group may be a racial group. A people 3 (cf. 305-2) is generally a collection of persons who are linked by a common past or a common culture. Persons living is a given territory who exhibit notable difference from the majority of the population are called minorities 4, e.g., ethnic minorities 4, national minorities 4, linguistic minorities 4, or religious minorities 4.

  • 1. Race, n. - racial, adj.
  • 1. Racism, n.: theory that certain races are inherently superior to others; racist, adj.
  • 2. Tribe, and tribal group, still used in certain contexts, tend to be replaced by "ethnic group".

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Individuals are sometimes distinguished by their color 1, which is used loosely to refer to the apparent pigmentation of the skin. In some countries a distinction is drawn between white persons 2 and colored persons 3 sometimes called non-whites 3. Mating between persons of different colors is sometimes referred to as miscegenation 4. A person who is the issue of such a union is said to be of mixed blood 5 or mixed parentage 5.

  • 4. Crossing is sometimes used in that sense. It also refers to the change in racial self-identification of an individual between one date and another.
  • 5. The issue of a white and a negro is called mulatto. In Spanish America the issue of a person of European extraction and an American Indian is called a mestizo. The issue of a person of European extraction and an Asian is sometimes referred to as an eurasian.

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Go to: Introduction to Demopædia | Instructions on use | Downloads
Chapters: Preface | 1. General concepts | 2. The treatment and processing of population statistics | 3. Distribution and classification of the population | 4. Mortality and morbidity | 5. Nuptiality | 6. Fertility | 7. Population growth and replacement | 8. Spatial mobility | 9. Economic and social aspects of demography
Pages: 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 80 | 81 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93
Index: Global Index | Index of chapter 1 | Index of chapter 2 | Index of chapter 3 | Index of chapter 4 | Index of chapter 5 | Index of chapter 6 | Index of chapter 7 | Index of chapter 8 | Index of chapter 9