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Multilingual Demographic Dictionary, second unified edition, English volume

51

Multilingual Demographic Dictionary, second unified edition, English vol.
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Go to: Introduction to Demopædia | Instructions on use | Downloads
Chapters: Preface | 1. General concepts | 2. The treatment and processing of population statistics | 3. Distribution and classification of the population | 4. Mortality and morbidity | 5. Nuptiality | 6. Fertility | 7. Population growth and replacement | 8. Spatial mobility | 9. Economic and social aspects of demography
Pages: 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 80 | 81 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93
Index: Global Index | Index of chapter 1 | Index of chapter 2 | Index of chapter 3 | Index of chapter 4 | Index of chapter 5 | Index of chapter 6 | Index of chapter 7 | Index of chapter 8 | Index of chapter 9


510

At the close of married life 1 or conjugal life 1, the end of union 2 coincides with the dissolution of marriage 3, i.e. the breaking of all legal obligations resulting from the status of spouse, including the removal of legal obstacles to a new marriage. If a marriage is dissolved by death the surviving spouse is called a widower 4 if male and a widow 5 if female. Widowed persons 6 live in a state of widowhood 7.

511

Where divorce 1 as an institution is recognized, the dissolution of marriage (510-2) may take place through the granting of a decree of divorce 2 to one of the spouses. In some countries a spouse may be repudiated 3 by the other. Persons whose marriages have been dissolved by divorce are called divorced persons 4. The French words divorcée (fr) 6 (woman) or divorce 5 (man) are sometimes used in English, though the masculine form is rare.

  • 1. Divorce, n. and v.

512

In some countries the principle of the indissolubility of marriage 1 is upheld by law or custom and divorce (511-1) is not allowed; only the death of one of the spouses (501-5) may bring about dissolution of the marriage (510-3). Under any legal system, however, lack of harmony may lead to separation 2 of the spouses. This may take the form of a de facto separation 3, either through common consent or as the result of the desertion 4 of one of the spouses by the other. Or it may take the form of a legal separation 5 or judicial separation 5. A judicial separation absolves the parties from certain obligations, including the duty of living together, or cohabitation, but does not enable either of them to contract a new marriage. Persons whose marriages have been broken by separation are called separated persons 6. Marriages in which the spouses no longer cohabit but which have not been legally dissolved may be called broken marriages 7.

513

A decree of nullity 1 or an annulment of marriage 1 is a declaration by a court of law that, although a marriage ceremony has taken place, there has been no valid marriage 2. The expression dissolved marriage 3 is frequently understood to include cases of annulments and of legal separation, although legally the marriage is not dissolved. The term end of union (510-2) is more appropriate than dissolution in such cases and may also refer to unions other than marriage.

514

From a legal point of view, any person who meets the conditions set by law or custom to contract a marriage is marriageable 1, and the marriageable population 2 is made up of such persons; the non-marriageable population 3 consists of those who are not free to do so by law or custom. The marriage market 4, the marriageable circle 5★ or group of persons 5★ among whom mate selection 6 takes place however, does not include all marriageable persons; candidates to marriage 7 include only those who are not excluded, at least temporarily, by reasons of health or other circumstances from the marriage market. Widowed or divorced persons may contract a new marriage; there is thus a distinction between a first marriage 8 and a marriage of higher order, or remarriage 9. Because the order of marriage 10 may differ for the two spouses, the term “first marriage” is ambiguous unless specified as referring to groom (501-6*) or to bride (501-7*) or to both parties; unless otherwise specified, it refers to a marriage between a bachelor (515-3) and a spinster (515-4).

  • 9. Remarriage, n. - remarry, v. - remarried, adj.

515

The population may be divided into different groups by conjugal status 1, marital status 1 or marital condition 1. Single 2 persons, bachelors 3 (men) and spinsters 4 (women), are those who have never been married; they are also sometimes called the never-married 2 class. The class of married persons 5, married men 6 and married women 7, consists of those who have been married and whose marriages have not been dissolved (513-3). All persons except single persons are ever-married persons 8.

  • 2. A synonym is celibate, adj. - celibacy, n.: the state of being single.

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Go to: Introduction to Demopædia | Instructions on use | Downloads
Chapters: Preface | 1. General concepts | 2. The treatment and processing of population statistics | 3. Distribution and classification of the population | 4. Mortality and morbidity | 5. Nuptiality | 6. Fertility | 7. Population growth and replacement | 8. Spatial mobility | 9. Economic and social aspects of demography
Pages: 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 80 | 81 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93
Index: Global Index | Index of chapter 1 | Index of chapter 2 | Index of chapter 3 | Index of chapter 4 | Index of chapter 5 | Index of chapter 6 | Index of chapter 7 | Index of chapter 8 | Index of chapter 9